Sources of vocalization latency differences between skilled and less skilled young readers

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Vocalization latencies of 16 skilled and 16 less skilled 3rd-grade readers were found to be a function of set size, number of syllables, and stimulus material. Differences between skilled and less skilled readers were absent for naming colors, digits, and pictures. Differences were found for words, and differences increased with number of syllables (and letters). While set-size effects were observed equally for skilled and less skilled Ss for colors and digits, only less skilled readers were substantially affected by set-size increases with words. Inefficiency in alphabetic verbal coding rather than use of information constraint or word retrieval seems to be the major source of reader differences in vocalization latencies. (18 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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