Curvilinear relationships among anticipated success, cheating behavior, temptation to cheat, and perceived instrumentality of cheating

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Abstract

In Exp I, 45 undergraduates were informed that they could earn a $10 bonus by performing above average on a free-recall task. Following a pretest, they were given either a high-, a medium-, or a low-success message concerning their recall performance. During a subsequent test, half the words were left “carelessly” exposed in such a way that they could be copied. Cheating (copying) was related to anticipated success in a curvilinear fashion with medium success yielding the most cheating. Exp II, with 45 additional Ss, indicated that the success-failure messages did affect expectations concerning success, that success was not related to repugnance of hypothetical failure in a curvilinear fashion, and that success was related to both temptation to cheat and perceived instrumentality of cheating in a curvilinear manner. (10 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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