Reading skill and memory scanning

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Four experiments using a total of 48 3rd-4th graders investigated differences between skilled and less skilled readers in the rate with which they scan memory. In each experiment, Ss read 1-3 unrelated statements, then answered a yes-no question pertaining to 1 of the statements. The primary result from Exps I and II, in which Ss read all material aloud, was that skilled readers answered questions approximately .6 sec faster than less skilled readers when reading time was partialed out. In Exp III, similar results were found for silent reading. In Exp IV, the difference in answering time found in Exps III was no longer significant when the scan component in answering was minimized. (8 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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