Field independence and intelligence: Their relation to leadership and self-concept in sixth-grade boys

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Abstract

Investigated the relationship between intelligence, field dependence, leadership, and self-concept. 88 6th-grade boys were given the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale and the Group Embedded Figures Test, and their IQs were measured by the Short Form Test of Academic Aptitude. Ten groups of 4 were formed consisting of Ss with different combinations of high and low scores on the IQ and cognitive style measures, and the groups worked on an unstructured construction task. Following each session, members of the group rated each other on leadership, and the percentage of speech time for each S was obtained from tape recordings. Field independence was related to intelligence and self-concept, and analytic Ss exhibited more leadership than global Ss, while IQ did not differentiate Ss on any variable. (20 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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