Polarization Switching in (100)/(001) Oriented Epitaxial Pb(Zr, Ti)O3 Thin Films

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Abstract

Thin films made of (100)/(001)-oriented Pb(Zr, Ti)O3 (PZT) were deposited by liquid-delivery metal-organic chemical vapor deposition on Ir/MgAl2O4/SiO2/Si(100) substrates. For comparison, PZT thin films were also deposited on Ir/MgO(100) substrates. The X-ray Φ scan spectra for the (202) reflections revealed that the PZT films have four-fold symmetry. It indicates that the PZT films were epitaxially grown as a cube-on-cube structure on both substrates. The switchable polarization (Qsw) of the PZT capacitors on the silicon substrate was only 23 μC/cm2 at 1.8 V; however, Qsw of PZT capacitors on MgO was 99 μC/cm2. In the case of PZT films deposited on silicon, the volume fraction of (001)-oriented domains (which contribute to polarization switching) was 15.1% (calculated from an XRD pattern). This result is due to the lower Qsw of PZT capacitors on silicon. By piezoresponse-force microscopy, switchable and unswitchable domains could be identified by imaging color contrast, namely, (001) and (100) domains, respectively. Consequently, domain distribution of the PZT film on a silicon substrate indicates that the (001) domain exists in the (100) domain matrix.

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