The dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) gene on chromosome 4q21.3 encodes the major noncollagenous protein in tooth dentin. DSPP mutations are the principal cause of dentin dysplasia type II, dentinogenesis imperfecta type II, and dentinogenesis imperfecta type III. We have identified a DSPP splice junction mutation (IVS2-6T>G) in a family with dentin dysplasia type II. The primary dentition is discolored brown with severe attrition. The mildly discolored permanent dentition has thistle-shaped pulp chambers, pulp stones, and eventual pulp obliteration. The mutation is in the sixth nucleotide from the end of intron 2, perfectly segregates with the disease phenotype, and is absent in 200 normal control chromosomes. An in vitro splicing assay shows that pre-mRNA splicing of the mutant allele generates wild-type mRNA and mRNA lacking exon 3 in approximately equal amounts. Skipping exon 3 might interfere with signal peptide cleavage, causing endoplasmic reticulum stress, and also reduce DSPP secretion, leading to haploinsufficiency.