Shaping Ability of Four Nickel-Titanium Rotary Instruments in Simulated S-Shaped Canals

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Abstract

Introduction

The purpose of this study was to compare the shaping ability of ProTaper, Mtwo, BioRaCe, and BioRaCe + S-Apex instruments in simulated canals with an S-shaped curvature.

Methods

Canal transportation and aberrations were assessed by comparing the preinstrumentation and postinstrumentation images under a stereomicroscope. Analysis of variance and post hoc Student-Newman-Keuls test were used for statistical analysis.

Results

ProTaper instruments caused more pronounced canal transportation in the apical curvature (P < .01) than all other instruments. The use of ProTaper, Mtwo, and BioRaCe instruments resulted in more canal aberrations compared with BioRaCe + S-Apex (P < .05).

Conclusions

NiTi systems including less tapered and more flexible instruments like S-Apex seem to be favorable when preparing S-shaped canals.

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