Evaluation of Root Canal Configuration of Mandibular Molars in a Brazilian Population by Using Cone-beam Computed Tomography: AnIn VivoStudy

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



The aim of this study was to analyze and characterize root canal morphology of mandibular molars of the Brazilian population by using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).


Patients who required CBCT radiographic examinations as part of their routine examination, diagnosis, and treatment planning were enrolled in the study. A total of 460 healthy, untreated, fully developed mandibular first and second molars were included (234 first molars and 226 second molars). The following observations were recorded: (1) number of roots and their morphology, (2) number of canals per root, (3) C-shaped canals, and (4) primary variations in the morphology of the root canal systems.


First molars showed a higher prevalence of 2 canals in the mesial root and 1 in the distal root with 2 separate roots (74%). In the mandibular second molars, the presence of 2 separate roots with 2 canals in the mesial root and 1 canal in the distal root represented 54% of the total. In 32% of the cases, 2 separate roots with 1 canal each in the mesial and distal roots were presented. The incidence of C-shaped canals was 1.7% of first molars and 3.5% of second molars.


A higher prevalence of 2 separate roots with 2 canals in the mesial root and 1 canal in the distal root was observed in mandibular first and second molars (74% and 54%, respectively). Also, a lower incidence of C-shaped canals and 3-rooted teeth was observed in a Brazilian population. CBCT is a clinically useful tool for endodontic diagnosis and treatment.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles