Microbial Analysis in Primary and Persistent Endodontic Infections by Using Pyrosequencing

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Introduction:

The aim of this study was to investigate the bacterial community profile of intracanal microbiota in primary and persistent endodontic infections associated with asymptomatic chronic apical periodontitis by using GS-FLX Titanium pyrosequencing. The null hypothesis was that there is no difference in diversity of overall bacterial community profiles between primary and persistent infections.

Methods:

Pyrosequencing analysis from 10 untreated and 8 root-filled samples was conducted.

Results:

Analysis from 18 samples yielded total of 124,767 16S rRNA gene sequences (with a mean of 6932 reads per sample) that were taxonomically assigned into 803 operational taxonomic units (3% distinction), 148 genera, and 10 phyla including unclassified. Bacteroidetes was the most abundant phylum in both primary and persistent infections. There were no significant differences in bacterial diversity between the 2 infection groups (P > .05). The bacterial community profile that was based on dendrogram showed that bacterial population in both infections was not significantly different in their structure and composition (P > .05).

Conclusions:

The present pyrosequencing study demonstrates that persistent infections have as diverse bacterial community as primary infections.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles