Fracture Strength of Endodontically Treated Teeth with Different Access Cavity Designs

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IntroductionThe purpose of this study was to compare in vitro the fracture strength of root-filled and restored teeth with traditional endodontic cavity (TEC), conservative endodontic cavity (CEC), or ultraconservative “ninja” endodontic cavity (NEC) access.MethodsExtracted human intact maxillary and mandibular premolars and molars were selected and assigned to control (intact teeth), TEC, CEC, or NEC groups (n = 10/group/type). Teeth in the TEC group were prepared following the principles of traditional endodontic cavities. Minimal CECs and NECs were plotted on cone-beam computed tomographic images. Then, teeth were endodontically treated and restored. The 160 specimens were then loaded to fracture in a mechanical material testing machine (LR30 K; Lloyd Instruments Ltd, Fareham, UK). The maximum load at fracture and fracture pattern (restorable or unrestorable) were recorded. Fracture loads were compared statistically, and the data were examined with analysis of variance and the Student-Newman-Keuls test for multiple comparisons.ResultsThe mean load at fracture for TEC was significantly lower than the one for the CEC, NEC, and control groups for all types of teeth (P < .05), whereas no difference was observed among CEC, NEC, and intact teeth (P > .05). Unrestorable fractures were significantly more frequent in the TEC, CEC, and NEC groups than in the control group in each tooth type (P < .05).ConclusionsTeeth with TEC access showed lower fracture strength than the ones prepared with CEC or NEC. Ultraconservative “ninja” endodontic cavity access did not increase the fracture strength of teeth compared with the ones prepared with CEC. Intact teeth showed more restorable fractures than all the prepared ones.HighlightsThe effects of 3 access cavities on the fracture strength of teeth were evaluated.Teeth with traditional endodontic cavity showed lower strength than other groups.No difference was observed between conservative and “ninja” access cavity designs.All prepared teeth showed more unrestorable fracture patterns than intact ones.

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