A greater irrigant volume improves the effectiveness of root canal irrigation. The purpose of this study was to compare 2 negative pressure systems regarding the volume of irrigant collected from the apical area in moderately curved canals at 3 different flow rates of delivery in vitro.Methods:
The mesiobuccal canals of 30 molars with a curvature between 20° and 40° were prepared to size #40.04 taper. A closed system was created. The canals were irrigated at 3, 6, and 12 mL/min for 30 seconds using EndoVac (SybronEndo, Orange, CA) and the INP needle (Mixnus Fine Engineering Co Ltd, Nagano, Japan) (both independent variables). A recovery trap was used to collect the irrigant aspirated by the negative pressure needles. Irrigant volume (dependent variable) was measured in milliliters. Data were analyzed using mixed analysis of variance.Results:
There was a statistically significant interaction between the negative pressure system and the irrigant volume collected (P < .0005). The mean irrigant volume collected by the different negative pressure systems was greater for INP at 3 (P < .001), 6 (P < .001), and 12 mL/min (P < .001) flow rate. Both negative pressure needles showed statistically significant differences (P < .001) between mean irrigant volume collected at different flow rates.Conclusions:
A greater volume was collected by increasing the flow rate of irrigant delivery for both EndoVac and INP. The INP needle could collect a greater volume of irrigant from the apical third compared with EndoVac at all 3 different flow rates.