Vertical Force Induced with WaveOne and WaveOne Gold Systems during Canal Shaping

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of vertical force induced with WaveOne (WO; Dentsply Sirona, York, PA) and WaveOne Gold (WOG, Dentsply Sirona) systems during the canal shaping of extracted teeth.


Thirty canals in 15 maxillary premolars were divided into 2 groups: WO and WOG. The canals were gently shaped with WO/WOG Primary instruments according to the manufacturer's instructions. The vertical forces induced during canal shaping in the apical and coronal directions were recorded. The apically and coronally directed peak forces were used for analysis using the Mann-Whitney U test. The instrumentation time was analyzed using the Student t test. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS software (Version 22.0; IBM, Armonk, NY) at a 5% significance level.


The force increased with the successive instrument insertions within each group. The apically and coronally directed peak forces of the WO and WOG groups ranged from 2.89–11.58 N and from 1.53–2.92 N, respectively. In the 3 insertions, WO showed higher peak forces in both directions. For apically directed peak forces, WO had significantly higher peak forces in the first and third insertions than WOG (P < .01). For coronally directed peak forces, WO had significantly higher values in the first and second insertions (P < .05).


The WOG system had significantly lower apically and coronally directed peak force values compared with the WO system.

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