Comparison of Aortomonoiliac Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Versus a Bifurcated Stent-Graft: Analysis of Perioperative Morbidity and Mortality

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Abstract

Purpose:

To compare the perioperative morbidity and mortality following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) with a bifurcated stent-graft versus an aortomonoiliac stent-graft combined with a femorofemoral crossover graft.

Methods:

A prospectively maintained database of patients undergoing EVAR over a 7-year period (January 2001 to June 2008) was interrogated retrospectively to identify all patients receiving either a bifurcated or an aortomonoiliac stent-graft. Patients undergoing emergency treatment or renal/mesenteric fenestrated or iliac branched EVAR were excluded. Data retrieval found 210 patients (194 men; mean age 75 years) who had been treated with 41 aortomonoiliac stent-grafts and 169 bifurcated devices. The impact of preoperative and intraoperative variables on postoperative morbidity was assessed by means of univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.

Results:

Significant postoperative complications occurred in 41% (17/41) of aortomonoiliac stent-graft patients compared to 14% (23/169) of bifurcated stent-graft patients (p=0.0001). Univariate logistic regression analyses identified patient age, operating time, and implantation of an aortomonoiliac stent-graft as significant predictors of postoperative complications. In a multivariate logistic regression model, only implantation of an aortomonoiliac stent-graft was independently associated with postoperative complications (p=0.003).

Conclusion:

Compared to EVAR with a bifurcated device, the implantation of an aortomonoiliac stent-graft and crossover bypass is associated with higher patient morbidity similar to rates reported after open repair. These patients comprise a high-risk endovascular group and require careful postoperative management in order to minimize complications.

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