One-Year Outcomes of the Paclitaxel-Eluting, Self-Expanding Stentys Stent System in the Treatment of Infrapopliteal Lesions in Patients With Critical Limb Ischemia

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of the paclitaxel-coated, self-expanding, nitinol Stentys Stent System in tibioperoneal lesions ≤50 mm long. Methods: The prospective, single-arm, multicenter PES-BTK-70 trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01630070) evaluated the safety and efficacy of the coronary Stentys Stent System in the treatment of a stenotic or occlusive lesion ≤50 mm long in the tibioperoneal arteries of patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Between January 2012 and May 2013, 70 patients (mean age 74.6±9.4 years; 45 men) with CLI [Rutherford category 4 (37, 52.9%) or 5 (33, 47.1%)] received a Stentys drug-eluting stent for the treatment of infrapopliteal stenosis (60, 85.7%) or occlusion (10, 14.3%). The mean lesion length was 17.2 mm (4.0–58.5). The primary outcome measures were primary patency at 6 months (duplex ultrasound) and 12 months (angiography). Secondary outcomes included limb salvage and freedom from target lesion revascularization (TLR). Kaplan-Meier estimates of the outcomes are given with the 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Technical and procedure success (<30% residual stenosis without major complications) was achieved in 68 (97.1%) of 70 cases. Primary patency was 87.6% (95% CI 83.5% to 91.7%) at 6 months and 72.6% (95% CI 66.9% to 78.3%) at 1 year. Freedom from TLR was 79.1% at 1 year (95% CI 73.9% to 84.3) and limb salvage was 98.5% (95% CI 97.0 to 100.0). No stent fractures were found by core laboratory review of all follow-up imaging data available up to 12 months. Conclusion: In this study, the self-expanding, nitinol, paclitaxel-eluting, coronary Stentys stent was found to be safe and effective in the below-the-knee region, with results similar to the most recent limus-eluting stent trials.

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