Preliminary Outcomes of the LifeStream Balloon-Expandable Covered Stent in Fenestrated and Branched Thoracoabdominal Endovascular Repairs

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Purpose: To evaluate the 1-year outcomes of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair using fenestrated and branched stent-grafts and a novel balloon-expandable covered stent. Methods: Between March 2015 and January 2017, 18 patients (median age 74.7 years; 14 men) received 43 LifeStream balloon-expandable covered stents in conjunction with Zenith fenestrated/branched stent-grafts to bridge 11 celiac trunks, 8 superior mesenteric arteries, and 24 renal arteries (total 32 fenestrations and 11 branches). Results: Stent delivery and deployment was successful in all cases. At 30 days, 5 patients presented with perifenestration endoleaks (type IIIc) secondary to inadequate sealing of the LifeStream covered stent in 7 (22%) of 32 fenestrations. No type IIIc endoleaks were reported in the branched cases. Four patients had a secondary endovascular reintervention with proximal relining by means of a bare balloon-expandable stent at the perifenestration transition area, with complete resolution of the endoleak at 1-year follow-up. One patient refused reintervention. The last 4 fenestrated stent-grafts of this series had prophylactic perifenestration bare stent relining with no evidence of type IIIc endoleaks at imaging. At a median follow-up of 14.1 months (interquartile range 11, 22), the 12-month LifeStream patency rate was 100%. Conclusion: This single-center preliminary experience with the LifeStream balloon-expandable covered stent in fenestrated/branched stent-grafts for TAAA repairs demonstrated good patency; however, an unexpectedly high rate of type IIIc endoleaks was observed. These endoleaks were resolved with reintervention or during the index procedure by proximal relining with a bare balloon-expandable stent, achieving adequate perifenestration sealing.

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