Contrast, component duration, and the following schedule of reinforcement

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Abstract

Exp I (4 White Carneaux pigeons) investigated component duration in a 4-component multiple schedule designed to separate the effects of the preceding schedule of reinforcement from those of the following schedule (FS) of reinforcement. The preceding schedule in the preceding component had no consistent effect regardless of component duration. The FS was a powerful determinant of behavior with higher response rates resulting from a following period of extinction. Exps II-IV (the same Ss were continued) investigated the basis of the effects of the FS. In some situations differential responding in the following component was the controlling variable, but in others it was differential reinforcement in the following component. Results are consistent with the view that response rate during a stimulus is inversely related to the “value” of the following component, where the calculation of value must include both primary and conditional reinforcement. (31 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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