Two models of recognition memory: A test

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Predictions from lexical-marking theory and a scanning model of recognition memory were compared in a continuous-recognition paradigm. Ss were 108 undergraduates. Results are at least consistent with the scanning model and in 2 cases are at odds with lexical-marking theory. In particular, the probability of making a false-recognition error to the synonym of a previously presented word remained constant over a lag of 120, whereas a recognition-control condition showed a large decrement. Lexical-marking theory predicts equal decay rates. The latency for correctly rejecting a synonym of a previously presented word monotonically increased over the same lag range, whereas lexical-marking theory predicts a monotonic decrease. (11 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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