The freedom to choose is not always so choice

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Two experiments, with 100 and 176 undergraduates as Ss, studied the hypothesis that it is not the choice of words per se that leads to improved performance in a paired-associate learning task but the extent to which the S develops a perception of control in the situation. It was found that Ss who were offered an attractive or meaningful choice performed significantly better than Ss offered an unattractive choice, which was equivalent to no choice at all. These data necessitate a major change in the previous theoretical formulations on the relationship between choice and perceived control. (14 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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