Independent effects of process and structure on encoding

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Investigated the extent to which an orienting activity exerts control over the encoding process. Two experiments were conducted with 96 undergraduates in which associative meaningfulness was varied under conditions of semantic and nonsemantic processing. Contrary to assumptions of exclusive encoding control by the orienting task, both experiments showed effects of meaningfulness following both semantic and nonsemantic processing tasks. Results are consistent with previous reports of nonsemantic structural effects following semantic processing. These data imply that the memory trace may contain more than just those features congruent with the orienting task and, consequently, that encoding must be conceptualized in terms of both process and structure. (20 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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