Interactions of suffix effects with suffix delay and recall modality in serial recall

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Abstract

Three experiments with 60 university students tested 3 hypotheses regarding the time when readout of information from precategorical acoustic storage (PAS) takes place. R. G. Crowder's (see PA, Vol 47:8191 and Vol 62:7775) hypothesis that readout takes place after list presentation but before overt report begins predicts that (a) delaying the suffix will produce an increase in recall of the last list item, and (b) recall modality (oral vs written) will not interact with the suffix manipulation. Results indicate that delaying the suffix did not consistently produce an increase in recall of the last list item and that oral report reduced the level of recall of the last 5 or 6 list items compared to written report, and also reduced the amount of interference produced by the suffix. Results support the hypothesis that retrieval of information from PAS occurs at the time of overt recall. (12 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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