Visual classes and natural categories in the pigeon

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Conducted 5 experiments, using 4 pigeons in each. After being trained on an oak leaf pattern, Ss responded to other oak leaf patterns but not to leaf patterns of other species. Thus, graphic variation among the instances of a species is “transparent” to the visual system. At this taxonomic level, concept formation is spontaneous rather than inductive. It is argued that such immediate generalization may be critical to the survival of the organism. (15 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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