MicroLactin is a patented milk protein concentrate whose mode of action is proposed to inhibit neutrophil activation in inflammation and to bolster the immune response in musculoskeletal diseases. MicroLactin was empirically used in the treatment of a series of equine clinical cases. MicroLactin was given in two trials to 166 horses in which neutrophils were associated with an inflammatory response. The primary clinical groups having the greatest positive responders to the use of MicroLactin were: respiratory (92%), joint lameness/foot trauma (90%), muscle injury/myositis (92%), equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) (81%), skin trauma/hypersensitivity (89%), and toxic enteritis (89%). Positive clinical results were seen within 10 to 14 days when MicroLactin was used as a daily treatment either alone or in combination with other anti-inflammatory agents or as an adjunct to the primary treatment.