Laparoscopic Gonadectomy in Two Intersex Warmblood Horses

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Two phenotypically female Warmblood horses were presented at the Clinic for Horses owing to stallion-like behavior. One mare had an enlarged clitoris, whereas the other one showed no signs of ambiguous external genitalia. In both cases, intra-abdominal testicles were removed by laparoscopy. Hormone status, cytogenetic evaluation, and histopathological examination of the gonads were performed. One animal was diagnosed as having XX disorder of sexual development; the other one, as male pseudohermaphrodite.

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