The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence of Nicoletella semolina in equine airways and its relationships with cytological evaluation of tracheal wash (TW). Samples were collected in the framework of routine bacteriological diagnostics of equine TW between May 2010 and June 2011. N semolina has been isolated, along with either common pathogens or contaminants, from 19 (1.8%) of the 1,054 TW samples. Median TW neutrophil counts (87.0%) in specimens from N semolina-positive horses were significantly different from those from N semolina-“negative” horses (52.0%). The data presented in this report may suggest considering such bacteria in horses clinically suffering from airway inflammation.