Effects of Cryoprotectant Agents on Equine Ovarian Biopsy Fragments in Preparation for Cryopreservation

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The exposure effect of cryoprotectant agents (CPAs) on morphology of preantral follicles (PAFs), stromal cell and PAF densities, and area of equine ovarian fragments were evaluated. Three independent experiments with identical methodologies were performed. Each experiment was composed of one CPA (dimethyl sulfoxide, ethylene glycol, or propylene glycol) and was performed in three replicates. Ovarian biopsy fragments were harvested from six mares in each experiment and submitted to the cryoprotectants using four times of exposure (0, 10, 15, and 20 minutes). PAF and stromal cell densities, and area of the fragments were not affected (P > .05) by any of the CPAs throughout the time of exposure. However, the morphology of the PAFs was affected (P < .05) by the CPAs. In the propylene glycol and dimethyl sulfoxide, higher (P < .05) percentages of abnormal PAFs were observed at 10 and 20 minutes of exposure, respectively. The PAF morphology in the ethylene glycol treatments was not affected (P > .05) throughout the times of exposure. Positive correlations (r = 0.57–0.77; P < .001, power = 96%–99%) were identified between PAF density and stromal cell density in all experiments. In conclusion, (1) ethylene glycol seems to be a less harmful CPA to equine PAFs, (2) exposure to CPAs did not affect the cell density and area of ovarian fragments, (3) PAF density was positively correlated with stromal cell density, and (4) stromal cell density did not affect the morphology of PAFs.HighlightsEffects of different cryoprotectant agents (CPAs) in equine ovarian tissue.Morphology of preantral follicles (PAFs), stromal cell and PAF densities evaluated.Ethylene glycol was the least harmful CPA and propylene glycol the most harmful.Preantral follicle and stromal cell densities were positively correlated.CPAs and exposure times did not affect ovarian cell densities and area of fragment.

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