Cytologic and Microbiological Examination of Secretions From the Paranasal Sinuses in Horses and Other Species

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Only sparse literature has been published on the microbiological and cytologic examination of secretions from the paranasal sinuses in horses, and the data that are available consist mainly of results in single animals or small case series. Contrarily, the role of bacteria in sinusitis in humans has been the topic of several studies and reviews. We aim with this review to summarize the current knowledge on the characteristics and microbiological and cytologic composition of paranasal sinus secretions in equids in comparison to humans and selected domestic animals.

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