“Holler, Run, Be Loud: ” Strategies for Promoting Child Physical Activity in a Low-Income, African American Neighborhood

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Abstract

This article identifies and describes child management practices among a sample of African American caregivers in a low-income, inner-city neighborhood. Caregivers responded to low levels of neighborhood collective socialization, collective efficacy, social control, and institutional resources by using strategies that protected children and promoted physical activity. Using diverse qualitative methods (interviews, observations) and demographic data on neighborhood disadvantage and family and household characteristics, the research revealed seven caregiver management strategies that promoted child physical activity, despite multiple neighborhood barriers. These included ecological appraisal, boundary enforcement, chaperonage, kin-based play groups, collective supervision, local resource brokering, and extralocal resource brokering. These findings provide important substantive and theoretical insights on the relationship between caregiver practices, neighborhood social context, and child physical activity.

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