In recent decades, there has been a dramatic increase in the ability of service members and their intimate partners to communicate while the service member is deployed to a combat zone. Communication among partners is a crucial aspect of intimate relationships that has been demonstrated to be highly associated with couples’ satisfaction. In addition, it is often cited by unhappy partners as a primary relationship problem. This special section of the Journal of Family Psychology presents five articles investigating deployment communication among service members and their intimate partners. The studies address the content and goals of deployment communication, the relations of communication to relationship satisfaction, as well as a new measure of deployment communication for potential use in future studies. A greater understanding of communication among partners of military couples during a combat deployment could likely benefit our understanding of relationship communication in a broader range of couples.