Use of Custom-made Stockings to Control Postoperative Leg and Foot Edema Following Free Tissue Transfer and External Fixation of Fractures

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Abstract

Patients with lower extremity trauma treated with free tissue transfer and external fixation of fractures almost always have postoperative edema of the foot and leg. Although compressive elastic stockings have been advised to be worn by patients with venous or lymphatic insufficiency, no such stocking has been described for postoperative use by patients with external fixators. The aim of the present report was to describe a custom-made elastic compression stocking for patients who have undergone soft tissue reconstruction and fracture fixation with external fixators. These custom-made stockings can help to decrease postoperative edema during the nonambulatory and nonweight-bearing ambulatory period. They are easy to apply, affordable, and can be tailored from regular compression stockings according to the needs of the patients.

Level of Clinical Evidence: 4

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