Missing the Lisfranc Fracture: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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Abstract

Injuries to the tarsometatarsal joint are infrequent and the presentation varies. The radiologic evaluation can be difficult, and injuries are missed initially in up to one third of cases. A 60-year-old female sports instructor presented to the emergency department with a Lisfranc fracture dislocation of the foot as result of an indirect trauma. The patient attended to a hospital the day she sustained the injury, where the Lisfranc fracture was missed. At our hospital, the patient underwent immediate restoration of the dislocation. Because of swelling, internal fixation was applied 2 weeks later. Postoperatively, the patient was mobilized in a non–weight-bearing plaster cast for 6 weeks, continued by progressive weight-bearing in a walker. The fixation screws were removed 3 months after surgery. Lisfranc fractures are rare injuries and can be missed at first sight. Careful clinical examination and radiographs in 3 different planes are required to identify the injury. Computed tomography might be helpful when the findings from the above-mentioned examinations are inconclusive. Operative treatment, including anatomic reduction and fixation, is required in almost all cases to achieve the best satisfactory result. Long-term complications include secondary arthritis and foot deformities, which can be treated by foot ortheses or arthrodesis.

Level of Clinical Evidence: 4

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