Arthroscopic Tibiotalocalcaneal Arthrodesis with Locked Retrograde Compression Nail

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Tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) arthrodesis is a demanding procedure. Several techniques have been described for successful fusion, including the use of plates, screws, intramedullary nails, and external fixators. Arthroscopic TTC fusion with intramedullary nailing has been recently described as an alternative method to traditional open procedures. The surgical technique and clinical and radiographic outcomes of 2 patients who had undergone arthroscopic TTC arthrodesis with intramedullary nailing are presented. The indication for surgery was symptomatic tibiotalar and subtalar post-traumatic arthritis in 1 patient and distal tibia and fibula nonunion in the other. In both cases, fusion was obtained at approximately 8 weeks postoperatively. At the final follow-up visit at 2 years postoperatively, their American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score had improved from 31 to 85 points and from 16 to 71 points, respectively. No intra- or postoperative complications developed. Arthroscopic TTC arthrodesis can be an alternative to traditional open procedures, especially in patients with soft tissue concerns or several previous surgeries. Experience with ankle arthroscopy procedures is mandatory to obtain satisfactory results and minimize the risk of complications.

Level of Clinical Evidence: 4

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