Functional Results and Patient Satisfaction of First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Arthrodesis Using Dual Crossed Screw Fixation

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Abstract

A total of 262 feet in 228 consecutive patients underwent first metatarsophalangeal joint (MPJ) fusion; thus, the present study is the largest single-surgeon patient series reported. The inclusion criteria included severe painful deformity of the first MPJ due to osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or gouty arthritis and stage 3 or 4 hallux rigidus. The exclusion criteria were revision surgery of the first MPJ, fixation other than with dual crossed screws, and a postoperative follow-up period of <3 months. Fusion of the first MPJ was fixated with dual-crossed 3.0-mm screws. The office follow-up period was ≥3 months postoperatively and the survey follow-up period was ≥6 months postoperatively. The mean duration to radiographic evidence of arthrodesis was 7.00 ± 2.33 weeks, and 252 of the feet (96.18%) achieved successful arthrodesis. The mean postoperative office follow-up duration was 30.43 ± 6.59 weeks. The mean modified American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons scale score was 51.2 ± 3.28 of maximum possible of 68 points. The mean subjective score was 37.1 ± 2.5 (maximum possible of 50 points), and the mean objective score was 14.5 ± 1.7 (maximum possible of 18 points). Furthermore, 200 patients (87.72%) reported that they had little to no pain, 187 (82.02%) reported they either mostly liked the appearance of their toe or liked it very much, and 173 (75.88%) reported that they could wear any type of shoe most or all the time after the operation. Of the respondents, 207 (90.79%) stated they would have the surgery repeated, and 197 (86.40%) would recommend the surgery to a family member or friend.

Level of Clinical Evidence: 3

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