Creating water robust urban environments in the Netherlands: linking spatial planning, design and asset management using a three-step approach

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Abstract

Changes in climate will likely have major implications for the layout of cities, buildings and residents. A three-step approach is presented to respond to these changes. The approach is applied to steer expansion and redevelopment towards water robust urban environments through integrated planning and action at local level. The three steps are (1) vulnerability analysis, (2) selection of a strategy to reduce vulnerability and (3) selection of an appropriate set of measures. This approach leaves much freedom to parties involved in specific urban (re)development projects. Local conditions to a large extent determine what can be done. It is up to these stakeholders to select a vulnerability reduction strategy that fits local conditions and preferences. An appropriate set of measures provides a level of robustness that is acceptable for all stakeholders and that stakeholders are willing to pay for. Creating a water robust urban environment requires continuous attention of many individuals and organisations, often including the residents. The three-step approach is to be applied three times during an urban development or rehabilitation project; during (1) the planning phase, (2) the development and design phase and (3) at the occasion of the transfer from building phase to maintenance phase.

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