Case Report: Radiotherapy in the treatment of duodenal bleeding due to hepatocellular carcinoma invasion

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Haemorrhage from an hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) directly invading the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is uncommon.1-6 A 58-year-old man was admitted with upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding and panendoscopy on examination revealed a large duodenal ulcerative bleeding mass. The mass was eventually diagnosed as HCC by pathological examination. The bleeding failed to respond to conventional management of haemostasis, but resolved with an external beam of radiotherapy with a total dose of 6000 cGy over a 5 week period. This unusual presentation of UGI bleeding, due to HCC invading the duodenum and treated by radiotherapy, has not been previously reported.

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