The effects of a novel histamine H2 receptor antagonist (FRG-8813) on the restoration process of gastric epithelial wounds were assessed using an in vitro wound healing model. FRG-8813 (1, 10 mol/L) was added to a complete confluent monolayer cell sheet after artificial wounding. The restoration process was analysed by a time-lapse video system and cell migration, proliferation and apoptosis were assessed. Hydrogen peroxide (1, 3 mmol/L) inhibited restoration after wounding by suppressing cell migration and proliferation and induced epithelial cell apoptosis around the wound. The addition of FRG-8813 abolished the hydrogen peroxide-induced retardation and prevented apoptosis, although FRG-8813 itself did not enhance wound healing. FRG-8813 may act as a radical scavenger as well as having an anti-secretory action and may have favourable effects on peptic ulcer healing.