Effects of perindopril and valsartan on expression of transforming growth factor-β-Smads in experimental hepatic fibrosis in rats

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Abstract

Background

Previous studies have shown that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis, and blockers of the RAS may be active as an antifibrogenic goal. However, the potential role of RAS inhibition on expression transforming growth factor (TGF)-β-Smads in hepatic fibrosis remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (perindopril) and an angiotensin II receptor blocker (valsartan) on TGF-β1 and TGF receptor II (TRII) mRNA, Smad3 and Smad7 in fibrotic hepatic livers in rats.

Methods

Sixty Wistar rats were randomly divided into four study groups (n = 15 for each group), including normal controls, hepatic fibrosis models, and two treated groups with either perindopril or valsartan, starting from the fourth week after being exposed to carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) for 4 weeks. The levels of TGF-β and TRII mRNA in liver tissue were analyzed by RT-PCR. The expressions of TGF-β1, Smad3 and Smad7 in liver tissues were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The liver histopathology was examined by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and by electron microscopy, respectively. The liver function and serum hyaluronic acid were also assayed by biochemistry and radioimmunoassay.

Results

Compared with the hepatic fibrosis models, the levels of TGF-β1, TRII mRNA and the expression Smad3 significantly decreased in the two treated groups, and the expression of Smad7 was significantly increased in the liver of rats treated with perindopril or valsartan (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The histological changes and ultrastructure of fibrotic liver, liver function and hyaluronic acid also remarkably improved in the treated rats.

Conclusions

The angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors perindopril and valsartan have a protective effect on liver injury and can ameliorate hepatic fibrosis in rats induced by CCl4. The mechanisms may be associated with their effects of down-regulating TGF-β1, TRII mRNA and smad3, and up-regulating Smad7.

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