AbstractBackground and Aims
Most patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have underlying liver cirrhosis that is frequently associated with a state of protein energy malnutrition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical benefit of perioperative supplementation of a branched-chain amino acid–enriched nutrient-mixture for patients undergoing liver resection for HCC.Methods
A total of 112 patients with HCC who underwent hepatic resection were enrolled in this study. These patients were divided into two groups: 40 patients received perioperative supplementation of branched-chain amino acid–enriched nutrient-mixture (AEN group) and 72 patients did not (control group). Laboratory data, postoperative complications, duration of hospitalization, and survival were assessed for each group and compared.Results
The overall incidence of postoperative complications was lower in the AEN group (17.5%) than in the control group (44.4%) (P = 0.01). Among the postoperative complications, surgical site infection and bile leakage was observed in 5% of patients in the AEN group and in 15.3% and 12.5% of patients in the control group, respectively. Ascites appeared after the surgery in 7.5% of patients in the AEN group and in 16.7% of patients in the control group. The duration of hospitalization was significantly shorter in the AEN group was than in the control group (P < 0.05).Conclusions
This study strongly suggests that perioperative supplementation of a branched-chain amino acid–enriched nutrient-mixture is clinically beneficial in reducing the morbidity associated with postoperative complications and in shortening the duration of hospitalization of patients with chronic liver disease who undergo liver resection for HCC.