We used transnasal ultrathin esophagogastroduodenoscopy (UT-EGD) to simultaneously perform realtime esophageal manometry and observe esophageal peristalsis.Methods
The subjects were 22 healthy volunteers and 10 patients with proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) dependent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). We induced the primary peristaltic wave associated with swallowing and observed it endoscopically in the lower esophagus, at the same time measuring the intraesophageal pressure using a manometry catheter.Results
The mean primary peristaltic amplitude associated with swallowing was 65.6 ± 47.4 mmHg in the volunteer group, and 28.0 ± 25.6 mmHg in the GERD group. Although peristalsis was observed endoscopically in the GERD group, in some cases incomplete peristalsis left a small but definite lumen and in these subjects, the primary peristaltic wave was almost flat.Conclusions
The use of an ultrathin transnasal endoscope makes possible simultaneous manometry and endoscopic observation of the esophagus. This combination should prove useful in the evaluation of esophageal peristaltic function, such as in the diagnosing of GERD.