Comparative effectiveness and safety study of triple therapy with simeprevir or telaprevir for non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1b infection

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Abstract

Background and Aim:

The addition of hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A protease inhibitors to pegylated-interferon alpha (PEG-IFNα) and ribavirin (triple therapy) has greatly improved treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and safety of simeprevir-based or telaprevir-based triple therapy for non-cirrhotic patients in real-world clinical practice.

Methods:

This multicenter study consisted of 835 consecutive Japanese HCV genotype 1b patients treated in a clinical setting, 716 of whom were enrolled (simeprevir = 256 and telaprevir = 460). Logistic regression was carried out after propensity score matching to assess the sustained virological response at week 12 after the end of treatment (SVR12).

Results:

In the propensity-matched cohort (253 matched pairs), the SVR12 rates of the patients who underwent simeprevir-based or telaprevir-based triple therapy were 85.0% and 84.2%, respectively, by intention-to-treat analysis. Prior treatment response to PEG-IFNα/ribavirin and IL28B genotype was independently associated with SVR12 in both groups. No significant differences in the SVR12 rates stratified by prior treatment response to PEG-IFNα/ribavirin were found between the simeprevir (treatment-naïve 89.1%, prior relapse 94.3%, prior partial response 65.0%, and prior null response 33.3%) and telaprevir (treatment-naïve 87.8%, prior relapse 90.1%, prior partial response 68.4%, and prior null response 50.0%) groups. The incidence of adverse effects, such as anemia, severe rash, and the elevation of serum creatinine, was markedly higher in the telaprevir group.

Conclusions:

Considering the effectiveness and safety, simeprevir-based triple therapy will continue to be a useful treatment option in Japan for treatment-naïve or prior relapse patients with a favorable IL28B genotype.

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