AbstractBackground and Aim:
We aimed to investigate the ability of fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) to detect synchronous neoplasms, specifically obstructive colorectal cancer (CRC) and CRC in the proximal colon and to suggest a management strategy based on FDG PET/CT findings.Methods:
From the CRC surgery database of our institution, 518 patients with obstructive CRC whose proximal colon could not be examined by colonoscopy and who underwent preoperative FDG PET/CT were eligible for this study. Of these, final analyses were performed in 345 patients who had reference standards for the proximal colon, which were a surgical colectomy specimen and/or postsurgical colonoscopy. The per-patient and per-lesion performances of FDG PET/CT for synchronous CRC diagnosis were determined.Results:
Of 345 patients, 14 (4.1%) had 14 proximal synchronous CRCs. Thirty-four patients showed 39 areas of abnormal FDG uptake on PET/CT in the colon proximal to the obstructive CRC. PET/CT detected all of the 14 proximal synchronous CRCs. The per-patient PET/CT sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for proximal synchronous CRC were 100%, 93.9%, 41.2%, and 100%, respectively. Per-lesion values were 100%, 92.6%, 35.9%, and 100%, respectively. The per-lesion sensitivity and negative predictive value of PET/CT for advanced adenoma were 45.5% and 92.7%, respectively.Conclusions:
The FDG PET/CT shows a high sensitivity and negative predictive value for the detection of proximal synchronous CRC in patients with obstructive CRC, enabling negative findings in the proximal colon on PET/CT to definitively exclude proximal synchronous CRC. Preoperative PET/CT recommended to determine the proper surgical plan in patients with obstructive CRC.