Surveillance of patients with long-segment Barrett's esophagus: A multicenter prospective cohort study in Japan

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Abstract

Background and Aim:

The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) in cases with long-segment Barrett's esophagus (BE) has not been investigated in Japan. The aim of this study is to investigate the incidence of EAC in Japanese cases with long-segment BE prospectively.

Methods:

This is a multicenter prospective cohort study investigating the incidence rate of EAC in patients with BE with a length of at least 3 cm. Study subjects received index esophagogastroduodenoscopy at the time of enrollment, and they were instructed to undergo yearly follow-up esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Patients in whom EAC was diagnosed in the endoscopic examinations underwent subsequent treatment, and their prognosis was observed.

Results:

Of 215 enrolled patients, six (2.8%) were initially diagnosed with EAC at the enrollment. Among the remaining 209 patients, 132 received at least one follow-up esophagogastroduodenoscopy. In this follow-up, three EACs developed in 251 observed patient-years (incidence rate: 1.2% per year). Most of the EACs detected at the initial endoscopic examination (5/6, 83%) were already at advanced stages. Meanwhile, all the three lesions detected in the follow-up esophagogastroduodenoscopies were identified as early cancers and subjected to curative resection.

Conclusions:

The incidence rate of EAC in Japanese cases with long-segment BE was calculated to be 1.2% in a year.

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