Long-term Effects of Latanoprost Monotherapy on Intraocular Pressure in Japanese Glaucoma Patients

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Abstract

Purpose

To assess the long-term effects of latanoprost monotherapy on intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction in Japanese patients with glaucoma.

Methods

Those enrolled were patients with glaucoma who had been treated on an outpatient basis for more than 5 years at the Glaucoma Outpatient Clinic of the University of Yamanashi Hospital, with only latanoprost ophthalmic solution as the first drug of choice. Subjects who underwent treatment with a drug other than latanoprost, laser therapy, or surgery were eliminated from the study, and IOP reduction by latanoprost, the dropout rate and causative reasons, and the types of additional therapy were assessed in a retrospective manner.

Results

Seventy-two patients (age: 68.3±13.0 y) were enrolled, including 40 men and 32 women for the checking of 72 eyes. There were 47 eyes with normal tension glaucoma (NTG) and 25 with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). The mean duration of latanoprost monotherapy was 4.1±2.0 years (range: 5 mo to 7 y, median: 4.0 y). IOP reduction rates (cumulative dropout rates) relative to the mean IOP before the start of latanoprost monotherapy (17.8±3.4 mm Hg) were 11.5% (8.3%), 15.5% (8.3%), 13.0% (9.7%), 13.4% (13.9%), 13.5% (19.4%), and 10.6% (30.6%) at 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, 4 years, and 5 years after the start of monotherapy, respectively. Although latanoprost demonstrated significant IOP reduction in POAG and NTG, eyes with POAG showed significant IOP reduction than those with NTG. Two eyes presented with local adverse events resulting from the discontinuation of use of latanoprost, and 4 eyes required filtering surgery.

Conclusions

Latanoprost stably reduced IOP over a long term and maintained visual field in approximately 70% of eyes with glaucoma after treatment for 5 years.

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