Deep Sclerectomy With Bevacizumab and Mitomycin C: A Comparative Study

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Abstract

Purpose:

To assess the comparative efficacy and safety of primary deep sclerectomy (DS) augmented with subconjunctival Bevacizumab and intraoperative Mitomycin C (MMC).

Methods:

Retrospective, comparative case-control series of consecutive primary DS between January 2008 and December 2010. Seventy-five eyes of 73 patients were included, with 32 eyes in the MMC and 43 in the Bevacizumab group. MMC (0.2 mg/mL for 2 min) was applied subconjunctivally before scleral flap dissection. Bevacizumab (2.5 mg in 0.1 mL) was injected subconjunctivally at the end of surgery. Complete success was intraocular pressure (IOP) <19 mm Hg and a 20% decrease from baseline with no postoperative medications.

Results:

There were no significant baseline differences between the groups. Follow-up after DS was 33.3±6.1 months for the Bevacizumab and 35.0±10.2 months for the MMC group (P=0.34). Complete success rates were 90.7% [95% confidence interval (CI), 82.4%-99.8%] and 87.5% (95% CI, 76.8%-99.7%) at 1 year and 76.5% (95% CI, 64.8%-90.4%) and 74.4% (95% CI, 60.5%-91.4%) at 2 years after DS in the Bevacizumab and MMC groups, respectively (P=0.52). There was no statistical difference in mean IOPs between the groups at all specified time intervals up to 2 years (P=0.28). At last follow-up 2 (6.2%) of the MMC and 2 (4.7%) eyes of Bevacizumab group were on medications to control IOP. Eighteen eyes had complications, 9 (20.9%) in Bevacizumab and 9 (28.1%) in the MMC group (P=0.8).

Conclusion:

Subconjunctival Bevacizumab with primary DS appears to be as efficacious as MMC augmentation with no additional side effects.

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