Anterior Chamber Angle Assessment by Anterior-segment Optical Coherence Tomography After Phacoemulsification With or Without Goniosynechialysis in Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma

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To evaluate changes of anterior chamber angle (ACA) by anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in patients with primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) following phacoemulsification (phaco) with or without goniosynechialysis (GSL).


Patients with PACG recruited into 2 randomized controlled trials comparing phaco-GSL versus phaco were pooled for analysis. Images of ACA were obtained by AS-OCT before surgery, and at 1 and 2 weeks, and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. The following parameters were analyzed: angle opening distance (AOD) at 500 and 750 μm from the scleral spur, trabecular-iris space area (TISA) at 500 and 750 μm, angle recess area (ARA) at 500 and 750 μm, and scleral spur angle (SSA).


All parameters of ACA increased significantly after phaco-GSL (P<0.001), whereas no increase occurred in the phaco group. Negatively significant correlations were found in ΔAOD500 (P<0.05), ΔARA750 (P<0.05), ΔTISA500 (P<0.05), and ΔTISA750 (P<0.05) at 1, 3, and 6 months, and ΔSSA (P<0.05) at 3 and 6 months after phaco-GSL against Δ intraocular pressure (IOP). In the phaco-GSL group, 23 of 23 eyes had IOP<21 mm Hg without any antiglaucoma medication postoperatively. In the phaco group, 12 of 20 eyes (60%) had IOP<21 mm Hg without medication, 8 of 20 eyes required medication with IOP<21 mm Hg (15%) and uncontrollable IOP (25%) after surgery.


On AS-OCT evaluation, ACA in eyes with PACG opened and widened significantly after phaco-GSL in our study. It is suggested that ΔAOD500, ΔARA750, ΔTISA500, ΔTISA750, and ΔSSA would provide valuable information to estimate the effectiveness of phaco-GSL.

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