Intraocular Pressure Measurements After Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty

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Intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation occurs regularly after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). This study evaluated the effect of central corneal thickness (CCT) on the IOP after DMEK.

Patients and Methods:

This prospective study recorded the IOP of 46 eyes from 46 patients preoperatively, and then 1 and 3 months after DMEK. IOP measurement was performed by noncontact pneumatic tonometry (NCT), iCare, Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT), and dynamic contour tonometry (DCT). CCT was analyzed by anterior-segment optical coherence tomography.


Mean IOPs as measured by NCT, iCare, GAT, and DCT, respectively, were 14.3, 11.6, 12.7, and 16.0 mm Hg preoperatively; 13.1, 12.6, 12.7, and 16.0 mm Hg after 1 month; and 14.7, 14.5, 12.9, and 17.7 mm Hg after 3 months. There was a correlation of IOP measurements between GAT and NCT (P=0.119), GAT and iCare (P=0.892), and iCare and NCT (P=0.081) after 1 month and between iCare and NCT (P=0.702) after 3 months. Although GAT recorded approximately stable IOP values, NCT, iCare, and DCT tended to measure a higher IOP postoperatively than preoperatively. Preoperatively, correlations between IOP and CCT were not statistically significant for any measurement technique. After 3 months, the IOP measured by NCT and iCare correlated significantly with CCT (P=0.003, 0.041).


Correlation between the different measurement techniques was poor and showed a broad distribution of limits of agreement. Therefore, a change between the 4 techniques during follow-up is not recommended. Nevertheless, all techniques detected the IOP elevation during follow-up, requiring therapy.

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