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The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of microcatheter-assisted trabeculotomy to circumferential trabeculotomy using the rigid probe trabeculotome in primary congenital glaucoma.This retrospective study was performed in an institutional setting. The medical records of primary congenital glaucoma patients who underwent circumferential trabeculotomy (≥270 degrees incised) using Glaucolight-illuminated microcatheter or a rigid probe trabeculotome were reviewed. The primary outcomes were the percent reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) and success rates. Complete success was defined as achieving an IOP<18 mm Hg without medications. Secondary outcomes were the postoperative IOP and glaucoma medications.The study included 92 eyes of 92 patients. Of these, 33 eyes of 33 patients aged 6.4±8.7 months underwent microcatheter-assisted trabeculotomy creating a 336±34-degree incision, with 19 eyes (58%) having a complete 360-degree incision. The other 59 eyes of 59 patients aged 8.2±13.1 months underwent 2-site trabeculotomy, using a rigid probe trabeculotome through a combined superonasal and inferotemporal approach, creating a 338±29-degree incision, with 33 eyes (56%) having a complete incision. After a follow-up of 21.2±8.9 months, there was a 42%±25% IOP reduction and a 73% rate of complete success in the microcatheter group, compared with 40%±22% IOP reduction and an 80% success rate in the rigid probe group (P=0.7 and 0.3, respectively). There was no significant difference in survival time in both groups (P=0.6).Circumferential trabeculotomy using either the illuminated microcatheter or rigid probe trabeculotome yielded comparable results; however, the added cost of the microcatheter should be considered.