Exfoliation Syndrome and Cataract Surgery

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Cataract extraction in exfoliation syndrome requires careful preoperative assessment and planning. Knowledge of the degree of pupil dilation and zonular integrity are essential for safely perform cataract surgery in these eyes. Capsule rhexis should be 5.5 mm and all intraoperative maneuvers should be designed to minimize zonular stress. The surgeon should be versatile in various nuclear disassembly techniques and consider use of capsular support devices when warranted. Cortical cleanup should proceed via a tangential approach and attempts should be made to removal residual lens epithelial cells so as to minimize postoperative capsular contraction syndrome.

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