The Fovea-BMO Axis Angle and Macular Thickness Vertical Asymmetry Across The Temporal Raphe

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Purpose:To test the hypothesis that the fovea-Bruch’s membrane opening (FoBMO) axis angle influences the thickness symmetry of the macular ganglion cell/inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) across the temporal horizontal meridian in normal subjects.Design:Cross-sectional diagnostic study at a tertiary academic center.Methods:One hundred sixteen eyes of 60 normal subjects aged 40 to 85 years underwent spectral domain optical coherence tomography(SD-OCT) imaging. The FoBMO angle was estimated on en face infrared SD-OCT images. Posterior Pole algorithm images acquired with Spectralis SD-OCT were used to define vertical asymmetry as follows. The average thickness difference between the 3 most temporal superpixels above and below the horizontal meridian, the second row of superpixels from the horizontal meridian, and 3 central superpixels above and below the horizontal meridian were calculated. Factors influencing GCIPL thickness asymmetry were explored and changes in thickness asymmetry as a function of FoBMO angle were investigated.Results:No demographic or clinical factors affected temporal GCIPL asymmetry (P>0.05 for all). A more (negatively) tilted FoBMO angle was associated with relatively thinner inferior compared with superior GCIPL thickness in superpixels immediately adjacent to the temporal raphe (P<0.001). The second row of temporal superpixels from the horizontal meridian (P=0.349) or central superpixels (P=0.292) did not show this tendency.Conclusions:Vertical GCIPL symmetry across the horizontal meridian is influenced by the FoBMO angle. SD-OCT algorithms using vertical asymmetry as a diagnostic index should be adjusted for the FoBMO angle.

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