In 1900, 88% of the U.S. population was composed of white people. Minorities, including African Americans and Hispanics, lived in certain parts of the country but were barely found in others. We had, in other words, a fairly homogeneous nation.
More than 100 years later, the demographic landscape of the nation is dramatically different. According to the 2010 Census, the percentage of white people is now approximately 72%. Of the 300 million people who live in the United States, more than 100 million are classified as minority, including, among other groups, African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native American, Asian, and Middle Eastern (U.S. Census Bureau, 2010). Decade after decade, immigrants have made possible our nation's rich diversity.