To evaluate the effectiveness of an automated interactive prompting technology in supporting the morning routine of persons with acquired brain injury. The morning routine included maintaining personal hygiene and dressing.Setting:
An inpatient neurorehabilitation hospital.Participants:
Persons with acquired brain injury who required prompting when following their morning routine (n = 24), but were not limited by physical disability or dysphasia, took part in the study. Participants (67% with traumatic brain injury) had impairment on indices of memory and executive function.Design:
A randomized control trial evaluated the effect of an automated interactive micro-prompting device on the number of prompts by trained staff required for successful completion of the morning routine.Main Measures:
Study-specific checklists assessed sequence performance, errors, and verbal prompts required over baseline, rehabilitation as usual, intervention, and return to baseline conditions.Results:
The intervention significantly reduced the support required to complete the task compared with usual rehabilitation.Conclusions:
Micro-prompting technology is an effective assistive technology for cognition, which reduces support needs in people with significant cognitive impairments.