Efficacy of a Micro-Prompting Technology in Reducing Support Needed by People With Severe Acquired Brain Injury in Activities of Daily Living: A Randomized Control Trial

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Abstract

Objective:

To evaluate the effectiveness of an automated interactive prompting technology in supporting the morning routine of persons with acquired brain injury. The morning routine included maintaining personal hygiene and dressing.

Setting:

An inpatient neurorehabilitation hospital.

Participants:

Persons with acquired brain injury who required prompting when following their morning routine (n = 24), but were not limited by physical disability or dysphasia, took part in the study. Participants (67% with traumatic brain injury) had impairment on indices of memory and executive function.

Design:

A randomized control trial evaluated the effect of an automated interactive micro-prompting device on the number of prompts by trained staff required for successful completion of the morning routine.

Main Measures:

Study-specific checklists assessed sequence performance, errors, and verbal prompts required over baseline, rehabilitation as usual, intervention, and return to baseline conditions.

Results:

The intervention significantly reduced the support required to complete the task compared with usual rehabilitation.

Conclusions:

Micro-prompting technology is an effective assistive technology for cognition, which reduces support needs in people with significant cognitive impairments.

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